The desire to own an electric car (EV) has grown exponentially. Although the initial cost of an electric vehicle (EV) may be 30-40% larger than the average internal combustion (ICE) vehicle, the promise of lower fuel prices and the green planet is tempting. The Tata Nexon EV currently has a six-month waiting list.
Consumers, however, are aware that there are significant obstacles, especially the lack of charging and maintenance infrastructure. Those with their own accommodations have the luxury of having their own charging system; However, while living in a community of apartments with shared parking space, there are a few obstacles.
After a series of fires involving electric scooters, there have been major safety concerns recently. Okinawa Autotech, a well-known manufacturer, remembered two 3,125 wheels due to battery concerns. Although electric cars still have a long way to go, their popularity is growing. In the EV passenger car market, there are already 12 models available, and sales are on treble to 14,800 units by 2021. Two EV wheels are becoming increasingly popular, with sales of less than 50,000 smaller units in March, four times as many as in the previous year.
As always, policy and infrastructure support comes after the launch of the product. Following the EV fire, Union Minister Nitin Gadkari issued a stern warning to manufacturers. An expert committee has been set up, which will make recommendations for remedial action. Niti Ayog, motivated by uncertainty, has developed a draft electric car policy.
Battery exchange policy, The policy framework focuses on ‘battery replacement,’ which allows owners of electric vehicles to replace discharged and charged batteries. This keeps cars running while avoiding the need for charging as a delay factor. Because the battery is at the heart of the electric car system, the proposal suggests that GST tariffs – currently set at 18 percent – be reduced to 5 percent, in line with other EV components. It also advises the establishment of a network of battery-changing stations.
Because the switch can only be used with small lithium-ion batteries, it will only work on two or three wheels. GST compensation for ‘standing’ lithium-ion batteries is also proposed on the chair. It also proposed a process of testing and certification, as well as integrating security measures into the agenda.
These efforts are insufficient in view of the government’s commitment to eliminating the fuel engine (ICE) by 2030. A national network of charging and maintenance facilities is needed, and a policy to make electric cars cheaper and safer, is needed. Government, in partnership with industry, has the power to achieve that goal. Will well-known car manufacturers, on the other hand, accept it?
As a result, it is important to continue the search for ways to make batteries more affordable and efficient. Then there are thought problems such as ‘wide-openness,’ which is the fear that the car’s battery may fail during the trip. Despite the fact that lithium-ion batteries are compact, heavy, large, and compact, making EV less efficient. Also, as we have seen in recent fires, a damaged lithium-ion battery poses a significant safety risk. It has the power to catch fire.
Lithium-sulfur battery is close to being offered as a separate power source by experts at Drexel University’s Academy of Natural Sciences. According to research, a lithium-sulfur battery is environmentally friendly, cheaper to make, and has a higher power output, making it three times lighter than a standard lithium-ion battery. The problem they encountered was that it quickly collapsed and died after 1-2 years.
This made it a commercial failure until Drexel scientists tried to adjust the compounds in the battery cathode to slow down the reaction of the polysulfide-producing chemicals as the battery charged and discharged. These crystals effectively remove sulfur from the electrode, resulting in a loss of energy. They make important discoveries in this process. They find a class of sulfuric chemicals that prevent battery damage. The lithium-sulfur battery, which is currently in the testing phase, will have the capacity of a lithium-ion battery and double the life span. These batteries have the power to transform transport by allowing short-distance flights and large ocean-going vessels to become completely electric.
Many of the ingredients of these batteries are readily available, and obtaining them will not require mining or environmental damage. A lithium-sulfur battery may bring us closer to the kit-free world as we await the transition from availability to mass marketing.